Agoramania Soap Box
Events that Shaped America...198 Years Ago!
It happened on August 24, 1814 and this was the result:
British forces fled in confusion and rains extinguished the fires. President Madison
then proclaimed a National Day of Public Humiliation, Fasting & Prayer to Almighty God on
November 16, 1814. Two weeks after the War ended, Madison proclaimed a National Day
of Thanksgiving & Devout Acknowledgment to Almighty God, on March 4, 1815.
Now, read about the events leading up to this historic climax:
AIR FORCE WEATHER OBSERVER, A tornado that saved a city and defeated the enemyPosted 2/26/2007 Updated 3/6/2007
by Evelyn Dole, Air Force Reserve Command
2/26/2007 - Robins AFB, Ga. -- The summer of 1814 was one of the hottest on record.In late August, the afternoon rains and temperatures of over 100 F made the air humid withbeads of moisture and turned the stagnate marshlands surrounding Washington D.C. intodisease-carrying mosquito hatcheries. The 8,000 heat-weary townspeople were even moremiserable when news came that the invading British Army was marching in from the ChesapeakeBay.
Although our young country had been at war with the British Empire for over two years, themajority of indeterminate skirmishes had occurred in the Great Lakes region. Now thatWellington had defeated Napoleon at Waterloo, the Empire was ready to turn its full attention tothe task of defeating its former colony by sending battle-hardened troops to squash the up-startAmericans. Washingtonians along with Dolley Madison, the First Lady, were confident theBritish Army would attack the strategic thriving port of Baltimore rather their capital city. However,the British General Robert Ross and Rear Admiral George Cockburn did have two specific reasonsfor an attack on Washington. The British and Canadians were seeking revenge on the United Statesfor the destruction by the American Army of the capital of York in Upper Canada (now Toronto,Canada) and they hoped the destruction of America's new capital city would demoralize the countryenough to obtain its surrender.
On Wednesday morning, August 24, 1814 Dolly Madison looked through her spyglass from one ofthe upper floor windows of The White House. She was watching the surrounding lands, searchingfor her husband, President Madison. All she saw were weary, hunched-over-with-defeat Americantroops walking back into the city. By 3 p.m., she received word from her husband, who was with hiscabinet and many other government officials who had fled to the mountains of Virginia, to evacuateWashington. She began the task of loading a wagon with portable articles, documents and other itemsof importance, notably the full-length Gilbert Stuart painting of President George Washington. As theBritish troops marched down Pennsylvania Avenue toward the Presidential Mansion, she reluctantlyleft moments before the soldiers entered the building.
Admiral Cockburn ordered all government buildings burned which included the buildings housing theSenate and House of Representatives, (the central rotunda of the Capitol not yet constructed). Alsoburned were the Library of Congress, the U.S. Treasury building, and many other public buildings.Next Cockburn turned his attention on The White House, where the soldiers were dining on foodfound in the dining hall. After they were finished, they set about destroying the building - finally settingit on fire.
Dawn rose the next morning and the remaining Washingtonians felt the day's warmth not from the sunbut from the heat of the fires. While the British soldiers continued to set fires and destroy the stores ofammunition found, they failed to notice the early afternoon sky begin to darken. Westward beyond thecity, large clouds were forming, beginning to swirl, and soon the sky intensified with lightning and thundersignaling the approach of a thunderstorm. The British soldiers familiar with thunderstorms in Englandand preoccupied with their orders discounted the Americans watching the sky.
As the storm front neared the city, Washingtonians took cover. The winds dramatically increased and atornado developed over the city that produced a "frightening roar." The tornado ripped throughWashington and headed straight toward the British occupation. Structures were torn off their foundations,other buildings were blown down. Feather mattresses were sucked out of windows, trees were uprooted,fences were blown down, chimneys collapsed, the heavy chain bridge across the Potomac River buckled,and many British cannons were picked up and tossed around. Panic ensued; many British soldiers did nothave time to take cover and were killed by collapsing buildings and flying debris.
Finally, the winds quieted but the rain fell in torrents for more than two hours quenching most of the flamesand prevented Washington from continuing to burn. The British Army regrouped near Capitol Hill, a bitshaken by the harsh weather and decided to depart Washington that evening. Downed trees across roadshampered their journey and when they reached their ships, it was discovered two had broken free from theirmoorings and were washed ashore. The British Commander later reported that more of their soldiers werewounded and killed by this catastrophic disaster than from all the firearms the American troops could musterin their ineffectual defense of Washington.
President James Madison and his cabinet returned to Washington and started the rebuilding of our Capitol.Never again, would a foreign army enter our city and only rarely would Washingtonians see a tornado.
Three tornadoes struck near Washington that day. It was later reported that one landed to the northwest,another in the high country [which is now called Georgetown], and the one that struck the Capitol Hill area.Whether there was a single tornado taking a southeasterly course or a tornado swarm, it will never be known.What can be said for certain is that a powerful tornado with destructive winds did hit downtown Washingtonat a crucial time; forcing the British out of the city, and saving what was left of our Capitol.
Happy 235th Birthday America!
I pledge Allegiance to the flag,
of the United States of America,
and to the Republic,
for which it stands,
one nation under God,
with Liberty, and Justice for all
The Signers of the Declaration of Independence at Philadelphia representing the new States as follows:
Connecticut: North Carolina: Virginia: thanks to "The Old Educator" at http://www.oldeducator.com/july4factsandtrivia.htm
Charles Carroll of Carrollton
Robert Treat Paine
Thomas Heyward, Jr.
Thomas Lynch, Jr.
Richard Henry Lee
Thomas Nelson, Jr.
Francis Lightfoot Lee
thanks to "The Old Educator" at http://www.oldeducator.com/july4factsandtrivia.htm
Fighting Corruption Can Benefit U.S. Economy
(NAPSI)—Fighting corruption is essential to improving people’s lives in poorer developing countries, and it can benefit the
That’s the word from experts who estimate that more than 50 percent of
Developmental experts at the World Bank hold that corruption hits poor people the hardest, since the poor rely most on public services and are least able to pay bribes for simple things, such as a commercial driver’s license or a permit to set up a vegetable stand.
Many of the issues that poor countries face—including violent conflict, disease and pollution—are not contained by borders. By addressing these pressing needs in developing areas, the World Bank is working to create greater global stability-and a more solid foundation for economic growth here in the
That’s why many of the Bank’s investments in poorer countries—nearly $72 billion last year—focus on helping the poor while fighting corruption. These investments are paying off with big results. For example:
• More than 3 million teachers recruited and/or trained; more than 2 million classrooms built or rehabilitated, benefiting more than 105 million children per year; and about 300 million textbooks purchased and/or distributed.
• More than 47 million people provided with access to basic health, nutrition or population services; 310 million children immunized; 98 million children with improved nutrition; and about 33 million mosquito nets purchased and/or distributed to prevent malaria.
• More than 113 million people given access to an improved water source and 5.8 million people provided with access to almost 600,000 improved sanitation facilities.
Poor governance and corruption remain among the most challenging problems today for many of the World Bank’s clients, and the fight against corruption won’t be won overnight. But making sure the money goes where it’s supposed to can make a big difference.
The World Bank also maintains an international hotline (1-800-831-0463) for anyone to report incidents of corruption. To learn more about the World Bank and its anti-corruption programs, visit www.worldbank.org/integrity.
Remembering Those Who Gave the Ultimate Sacrifice
Words for all Americans to live by from the Vietnam Veterans of America Constitution, Revised 8/03/2001
WE, the veterans who served during the Vietnam War, who embraced through sacrifice and service to country the most fundamental and cherished bonds of our democracy, reaffirm that commitment to spirit and ideals, accepting it as the solemn responsibility of our survival, to bear the burden of what has been, so that tragedy once endured can never be forgotten.
AND so do we resolve that the true measure of our worth as citizens, as veterans, and as patriots be found in our willingness to draw from and abide by these strengths and convictions born of heritage and experience.
TO HOLD that a sacred and binding contract exists between governors and governed, with the latter recognizing an obligation of compulsory foreign or domestic service equitably shared by all, and the former morally obligated to implement foreign and domestic policies that are clear, consistent, and reflective of the will of the people.
TO HOLD further, that the contract extends to post obligatory service with the Nation, bound whenever and wherever appropriate to the prompt delivery of compensation to individuals or survivors in direct proportion to sacrifice and service rendered.
TO HONOR with dignity the sacred memory of the war dead, and so in dignity, insure that the lasting legacy of the fallen is responsibility toward, not exploitation of, their sacrifice.
TO STAND for cooperation, dialogue, and friendship among the nations of the world community, with full respect and support of those principles central to our national life.
for more information, click here: http://www.vva333.com/
Happy Mother's Day!
French - Mere
German - Mutter
Hindi - Maji
Urdu - Ammee
English - Mom, Mummy, Mother
Italian - Madre
Portuguese - Mãe
Albanian - Mëmë; Nënë; Burim; Kryemurgeshë
Belarusan - Matka
Cebuano - Inahan; Nanay
Serbian - Majka
Czech - Abatyse
Dutch - Moeder; Moer
Estonian - Ema
Frisian - Emo, Emä, Kantaäiti, Äiti
Greek - Màna
Hawaiian - Makuahine
Hungarian - Anya, Fu
Ilongo - Iloy; Nanay; Nay
Indonesian - Induk, Ibu, Biang, Nyokap
Secrets of the Stealth
The technology behind China's J-20 stealth fighter may have come from a US plane shot down during the Kosovo war, Balkan military sources say.
Adm Davor Domazet-Loso, Croatia's military chief of staff at the time, claims Chinese agents took parts of a downed F-117 stealth jet in 1999.
The F-117 had been shot down by a Serbian anti-aircraft missile during a Nato bombing raid.
China's J-20 stealth fighter had its first test flight earlier this month.
Currently, the United States is the only nation with a fully operational stealth plane.
Nighthawks were the world's first stealth fighters - planes that are almost invisible to radar.
When the F-117 was shot down in 1999 during Nato bombing, it was the first time one of the jets had been hit.
Military officials and experts say they believe that some of the parts found themselves in Chinese hands, which allowed China to replicate them to develop similar technologies.
The Pentagon has downplayed concerns over China's stealth fighter "At the time, our intelligence reports told of Chinese agents criss-crossing the region where the F-117 disintegrated, buying up parts of the plane from local farmers," Adm Domazet-Loso told the Associated Press news agency.
"We believe the Chinese used those materials to gain an insight into secret stealth technologies... and to reverse-engineer them," he said.
A senior Serbian military official confirmed that some of the pieces were removed by souvenir collectors, and that some ended up "in the hands of foreign military attaches".
Alexander Neill, head of the Asia Security Programme at the Royal United Services Institute, said the proposition was highly possible, as Serbia and China had a very close relationship during this time and routinely shared intelligence.
"At that time the Chinese had a close relationship with Serbian military intelligence and in that regard - just as an intelligence-sharing relationship - a windfall such as a F-117 would be gold dust, and any modernising military worth its salt would examine anything of that nature extremely closely," he told the BBC.
He said it would be very difficult to know for sure, but that China had during that time a "rapacious appetite" for technology which would help them with their modernisation programme.
"Given the history of Chinese espionage, it is clear that China has had a very covert history of acquisition," he said.
Parts of the F-117 wreckage, including its left wing, cockpit canopy, ejection seat, pilot's helmet and radio, are on show at Belgrade's aviation museum.
Zoran Milicevic, deputy director of the museum, said: "I don't know what happened to the rest of the plane. A lot of delegations visited us in the past, including the Chinese, Russians and Americans. But no-one showed any interest in taking any part of the jet."
China's Chengdu J-20 stealth jet is expected to be operational some time between 2017 and 2019.
Some analysts have claimed this sign of military strength will worry the US government, but the Pentagon has played down concerns over the fighter.
"Developing a stealth capability with a prototype and then integrating that into a combat environment is going to take some time," US director of naval intelligence Vice-Admiral David Dorsett said earlier this month.
China's official military budget quadrupled between 1999 and 2009 as the country's economy grew. In 2010 it stood at $78bn (£50bn).
But the US has by far the largest defence budget in the world at just over $700bn.
Happy Presidents' Day!
As Presidents' Day approaches, let's take a moment to learn some interesting facts about two great American leaders. Read more about our presidents on the National Park Service website here : http://www.nps.gov/pub_aff/pres/trivia.htm
George Washington, 1st President: 1789-1797
• Washington was the only American president to be unanimously elected.
• Washington never lived in the White House. The nation’s capital was located in Philadelphia, as well as several other cities, prior to its move to Washington, D.C.
• George Washington was the only president who did not represent a political party.
Abraham Lincoln, 16th President: 1861-1865
• Abraham Lincoln was a man of perseverance. Before Lincoln’s election as the 16th president of the United States he failed as: a business man - as a storekeeper, failed as a farmer - he despised this work, failed in his first attempt to obtain political office, he failed when he sought the office of speaker, he failed in his first attempt to go to Congress, he failed when he sought the appointment to the United States Land Office, he failed when he ran for the United States Senate and he failed when friends sought for him the nomination for the vice-presidency in 1856.
• Abraham Lincoln was the first president to wear a beard and the tallest president at 6’ 4".
• Lincoln was the first president to die by assassination. On Good Friday, April 14, 1865, John Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C.
Happy New Year!
Best wishes to all our friends for a happy, healthy and American-Made 2011!
It's Another New Year...
from the website: http://wilstar.com/holidays/newyear.htm
"Happy New Year!" That greeting will be said and heard for at least the first couple of weeks as a new year gets under way. But the day celebrated as New Year's Day in modern America was not always January 1.
ANCIENT NEW YEARS
The celebration of the new year is the oldest of all holidays. It was first observed in ancient Babylon about 4000 years ago. In the years around 2000 BC, the Babylonian New Year began with the first New Moon (actually the first visible cresent) after the Vernal Equinox (first day of spring).
The beginning of spring is a logical time to start a new year. After all, it is the season of rebirth, of planting new crops, and of blossoming. January 1, on the other hand, has no astronomical nor agricultural significance. It is purely arbitrary.
The Babylonian new year celebration lasted for eleven days. Each day had its own particular mode of celebration, but it is safe to say that modern New Year's Eve festivities pale in comparison.
The Romans continued to observe the new year in late March, but their calendar was continually tampered with by various emperors so that the calendar soon became out of synchronization with the sun.
In order to set the calendar right, the Roman senate, in 153 BC, declared January 1 to be the beginning of the new year. But tampering continued until Julius Caesar, in 46 BC, established what has come to be known as the Julian Calendar. It again established January 1 as the new year. But in order to synchronize the calendar with the sun, Caesar had to let the previous year drag on for 445 days.
THE CHURCH'S VIEW OF NEW YEAR CELEBRATIONS
Although in the first centuries AD the Romans continued celebrating the new year, the early Catholic Church condemned the festivities as paganism. But as Christianity became more widespread, the early church began having its own religious observances concurrently with many of the pagan celebrations, and New Year's Day was no different. New Years is still observed as the Feast of Christ's Circumcision by some denominations.